La ma trise de la vie
Les procréations médicalement assistées soulèvent des débats passionnés et leur appréhension par le droit est souvent troublée par les enjeux politiques, sociétaux, religieux qu'elles sous-tendent. En analysant la complexité des problèmes posés, les auteurs, tous reconnus dans leur discipline (histoire, anthropologie, philosophie, droit, médecine, psychanalyse et sociologie) s'interrogent sur le bien-fondé d'une ingérence de l'état sur les facultés procréatrices d'un individu. A la lumière des principes fondamentaux de la Déclaration des Droits de l'Homme, qui défend la liberté de chaque individu contre l'arbitraire du pouvoir, à la lumière de la Constitution et de la devise de la République, et en se fondant sur la Jurisprudence de la Cour européenne des droits de l'Homme, ils se penchent sur le droit à la procréation dans une république laïque et dans un régime démocratique fondé sur l'humanisme. Ils s'appuient sur l'idée que « les lois sont faites pour les hommes et non les hommes pour les lois » (Portalis). Leurs opinions ne sont pas toujours concordantes et c'est ce qui fait la richesse de ce livre. Lucette Khaïat est directrice scientifique de l'association Louis Chatin pour la défense des droits de l'enfant,; ancienne avocate à la Cour d'appel de Tunis puis de Paris, ingénieur de recherche honoraire du CNRS. Cécile Marchal est avocate honoraire au Barreau de Paris, secrétaire générale de l'association Louis Chatin jusqu'en 2010.
Loi naturelle et procr ation m dicalement assist e
Cet ouvrage analyse d'une part, l'enchantement devant les prouesses techniques qui suscitent des espoirs contre la stérilité et l'infertilité et d'autre part, les angoisses générées par le spectre de la déshumanisation de l'enfant issu de ces techniques. Mais la solution la plus efficiente contre l'infertilité et la stérilité n'est-elle pas la prévention et non le recours à la procréation artificielle. Le corps humain posséderait une intelligibilité, un ordre, une finalité, qui constituerait son bien propre, sa loi naturelle. Obéir aux langages du corps réduirait considérablement l'incidence de l'infertilité.
Bulletin signal tique
A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Bulletin signal tique Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
Life s Dominion
Internationally renowned lawyer and philosopher Ronald Dworkin addresses the crucially related acts of abortion and euthanasia in a brilliantly original book that examines their meaning in a nation that prizes both life and individual liberty. From Roe v. Wade to the legal battle over the death of Nancy Cruzan, no issues have opened greater rifts in American society than those of abortion and euthanasia. At the heart of Life's Dominion is Dworkin's inquest into why abortion and euthanasia provoke such controversy. Do these acts violate some fundamental "right to life"? Or are the objections against them based on the belief that human life is sacred? Combining incisive moral reasoning and close readings of indicidual court decisions with a majestic interpretation of the U.S. Constitution itself, Dworkin gives us a work that is absolutely essential for anyone who cares about the legal status of human life.
La Procreazione artificiale tra etica e diritto
G. Ferrando A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de La Procreazione artificiale tra etica e diritto Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
The Metamorphoses of Kinship
A declining marriage rate, rising divorce rate, families breaking up and reforming, homosexual marriage and adoption. Where are the transformations in the family today taking us? In order to understand what is happening and what awaits us, the world-renowned anthropologist Maurice Godelier has decided to open up the whole question of kinship, surveying the accumulated experiences of humanity as regards marriages and unions, the organization of lines of descent, sexuality and sexual prohibitions. In parallel, Godelier studies the history of the study of kinship, from the nineteenth century to the present, in order to develop his own hypotheses. He concludes that it is nowhere the case that a man and a woman are sufficient on their own to bring a child into existence, and nowhere are relations of kinship or the family the foundation stone of a society. Godelier argues that the changes of the last thirty years do not herald disappearance or death agony of kinship but rather its remarkable metamorphosis - one that, ironically, has brought us closer to the "traditional" societies studied by ethnologists.
Rationality and Irrationality in Economics
This book is the result of a research project begun by the author in 1958 with the aim of answering two questions: First, what is the rationality of the economic systems that appear and disappear throughout history—in other words, what is their hidden logic and the underlying necessity for them to exist, or to have existed? Second, what are the conditions for a rational understanding of these systems—in other words, for a fully developed comparative economic science? The field of investigation opened up by these two questions is vast, touching on the foundations of social reality and on how to understand them. The author, being a Marxist, sought the answers, as he writes, ‘not in philosophy or by philosophical means, but in and through examining the knowledge accumulated by the sciences.’ The stages of his journey from philosophy to economics and then to anthropology are indicated by the divisions of his book. Godelier rejects, at the outset, any attempt to tackle the question of rationality or irrationality of economic science and of economic realities from the angle of an a priori idea, a speculative definition of what is rational. Such an approach can yield only, he feels, an ideological result. Rather, he treats the appearance and disappearance of social and economic systems in history as being governed by a necessity ‘wholly internal to the concrete structures of social life. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Free Movement of Civil Judgments in the European Union and the Right to a Fair Trial
This book examines the attainment of complete free movement of civil judgments across EU member states from the perspective of its conformity with the fundamental right to a fair trial. In the integrated legal order of the European Union, it is essential that litigants can rely on a judgment no matter where in the EU it was delivered. Effective mechanisms for cross-border recognition and the enforcement of judgments provide both debtors and creditors with the security that their rights, including their right to a fair trial, will be protected. In recent years the attainment of complete free movement of civil judgments, through simplification or abolition of these mechanisms, has become a priority for the European legislator. The text uniquely combines a thorough discussion of EU legislation with an in-depth and critical examination of its interplay with fundamental rights. It contains an over-view and comparison of both ECtHR and CJEU case law on the right to a fair trial, and provides a great number of specific recommendations for current and future legislation. With its critical discussion of EU Regulations from both a practical and a theoretical standpoint, this book is particularly relevant to legislators and policymakers working in this field. Because of the extensive overview of the functioning of the EU’s mechanisms and of relevant case law it provides, the book is also highly relevant to academics and practitioners. Monique Hazelhorst is Judicial Assistant at the Supreme Court of the Netherlands. She studied Law and Legal Research at Utrecht University and holds a Ph.D. in Law from the Erasmus School of Law at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
In and Out of the West
Is anthropology simply a continuation of colonial domination and cultural imperialism by other means, or has it--since its nineteenth-century rebirth as a purportedly scientific discipline--produced reliable knowledge about the cultures it studies? Is anthropology a mirror--which reflects only the preoccupations of the (Western) anthropologist--or a window, through which it is possible to see, though not with the same eyes as their members, other cultures? Deriving from the 2002 Page-Barbour Lectures delivered by the French anthropologist Maurice Godelier at the University of Virginia, and supplemented by additional lectures and articles by the author, In and Out of the West addresses a series of fundamental topics and issues in social anthropology--including family, kinship, and the construction of the self. He particularly emphasizes the strategic role of political-religious relations in the construction of societies and social life. Godelier places social anthropology in its historical perspective, with its origins in the West and, more particularly, colonialism, while also arguing that it has to some extent transcended its origins, achieving a measure of scientific objectivity and validity that cannot be reduced to a continuation of the colonial project. A final chapter, reflecting his experience as the first head of the science department of the new Quai Branly anthropological museum in Paris, discusses issues surrounding the presentation of nonwestern cultural artifacts to a Western general public.
The Changing South Pacific
This collection invites the reader to understand how the inhabitants of South Pacific societies seek to affirm both an individual identity and a sense of belonging to the contemporary world. Taking an anthropological approach, a variety of contemporary societal problems which confront the peoples of the contemporary South Pacific are discussed.