L ducateur et l approche syst mique
Manuel d'initiation à l'approche systémique destiné à ceux qui exercent des activités éducatives Au sommaire: L'approche systémique de situations pédagogiques. De l'inventaire des ressources et des contraintes au choix d'une stratégie adaptée. Stratégies, méthodes et moyens d'éducation. La pratique de l'évaluation dans les microsystèmes.
Television and the American Child
Comstock explores the effects of television viewing on children's daily experience, scholastic achievement, belief and perception formation, consumer behavior, and psychology. He draws on numerous studies to show how American society has changed and will change further as the result of television viewing.
The Logic of Practice
Our usual representations of the opposition between the "civilized" and the "primitive" derive from willfully ignoring the relationship of distance our social science sets up between the observer and the observed. In fact, the author argues, the relationship between the anthropologist and his object of study is a particular instance of the relationship between knowing and doing, interpreting and using, symbolic mastery and practical mastery—or between logical logic, armed with all the accumulated instruments of objectification, and the universally pre-logical logic of practice. In this, his fullest statement of a theory of practice, Bourdieu both sets out what might be involved in incorporating one's own standpoint into an investigation and develops his understanding of the powers inherent in the second member of many oppositional pairs—that is, he explicates how the practical concerns of daily life condition the transmission and functioning of social or cultural forms. The first part of the book, "Critique of Theoretical Reason," covers more general questions, such as the objectivization of the generic relationship between social scientific observers and their objects of study, the need to overcome the gulf between subjectivism and objectivism, the interplay between structure and practice (a phenomenon Bourdieu describes via his concept of the habitus), the place of the body, the manipulation of time, varieties of symbolic capital, and modes of domination. The second part of the book, "Practical Logics," develops detailed case studies based on Bourdieu's ethnographic fieldwork in Algeria. These examples touch on kinship patterns, the social construction of domestic space, social categories of perception and classification, and ritualized actions and exchanges. This book develops in full detail the theoretical positions sketched in Bourdieu's Outline of a Theory of Practice. It will be especially useful to readers seeking to grasp the subtle concepts central to Bourdieu's theory, to theorists interested in his points of departure from structuralism (especially fom Lévi-Strauss), and to critics eager to understand what role his theory gives to human agency. It also reveals Bourdieu to be an anthropological theorist of considerable originality and power.
The Psychology of Abilities Competencies and Expertise
The goal of this book is to characterize the nature of abilities, competencies, and expertise, and to understand the relations among them. While some psychologists see these sets of skills as rather distinct, others view them on a continuum with abilities developing into competencies and competencies developing into expertise. This book seeks to integrate into a coherent discipline what formerly have been, to a large extent, three separate disciplines by articulating the interrelationships between abilities, competencies, and expertise. The various chapters present theories, data, and concrete ways people can develop their own abilities into competencies and competencies into expertise.
Children and Youth in Adoption Orphanages and Foster Care
Written by experts in the field, this authoritative and accessible volume is the first comprehensive introductory history of adoption and foster care in the U.S. from the colonial period to the present, giving particular attention to the controversies surrounding interracial adoption and international adoption now.